Robert Traill

 

 SERMON I.

JOHN xvii. 24.

 

Father, I will that they also whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory which thou hast given me: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world.
 

You have heard many a good text taken out of the word of God; but though all be good, there is none better than this. Love the text, and love, above all, the blessed first speaker of it; and you will be the fitter to profit by what you hear spoken in his name from it.

The best of all sermons, in chaps xiv, xv, xvi. is concluded with the best of all prayers in this chap. xv ii. In this prayer, properly the Lordís prayer, (for that in Matth. vi. 9. is rather the pattern given for our praying, than the Lordís prayer), there are but few petitions, but they are all great ones. He prays, 1. For himself and his own glory, ver. 1, to 6. 2. Then for his people, to the end of this chapter. This ver. 24. contains his last petition for them. And passing the compellation Father, five times used in this prayer, thrice singly, as in rev. 1, 5, and 24. twice with an addition, Holy Father, ver. 11. Righteous Father, ver. 25. I take up two things in this petition.

  1. The manner of our Lordís asking, I will,; a singular way of praying.
  2. The matter of Christís prayer. And in it are four things.

1. The party he prays for; they whom thou host given me. Only Jesus Christ could pray thus for the elect, as elect.

2. The blessing he prays for to them: that they may be with me where I am. Where was Christ when he said this? He was going to the garden, to his agony, be taken that night, and to be crucified next morning, and laid in his grave the next evening. But here our Lord is praying as one in heaven. See ver. 11, 12. And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to thee. While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name. And he prays to have his people with him in heaven. He loved them so well, that he came to the world where they were; he loved them so well, that he endured what they deserved: and here he expresseth his love in desiring that they may be with him where he is. Christ and his people must be together.

3. In the matter of this prayer of Christ, we have the end why Christ prays for this blessing to them; that they may behold my glory which thou hast given me. Why would Christ have his people with him where he is? That they may behold his glory. Are they to receive no glory of their own? Yes, a great deal, surely; yea; they have got some already, verse 22. The glory which thou gayest me (to give), I have given them; and a great deal more they are to receive in heaven: but it stands in, and is advanced to their beholding of Christís glory. Had they not beheld Christís glory before? John i. 14. We beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, 2 Cor. iii. 18. We all with open face behold as in a glass the glory of the Lord. Isaiah, chap. vi. saw his glory, and spake of him, John xii. 41. Why then doth our Lord speak of the necessity of his peopleís being with him where he is, that they might behold his glory, since he can manifest his glory, and they by grace can behold it, even when they are where they are, and not yet where he is? The reason is this, Because believers now, though by faith they can see something of Christís glory, yet it is but a very little they do, or can see. The light is small, and their eye but weak; but in that day that our Lord prays for, the discoveries of his glory will be greater, and the seeing eye of the glorified will be stronger, than now we can conceive.

4. In the matter of this prayer, we have the argument on which our Lord prays for this blessing to his people: For thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world. You know, that this phrase, before the foundation of the world, is an usual scripture-word for eternity: for the foundation of the world and time began together; creatures and time began together. Time is properly the measure of the duration of a creature; but God inhabiteth eternity, Isa. lvii. 15. Creatures dwell or sojourn in time. So that this argument of our Lordís is, For thou lovedst me from eternity. And it hath a mighty force in it. If our Lord had said, ďI pray that they may be with me where I am, for thou lovedst them before the foundation of the worldĒ he had spoke what he had oft told them, for they were given to Christ in love. But the argument is stronger, as Christ expresseth it. For thou lovedet me. ďI love them, and would have them where I am; they love me, and would be with me where I am; thou lovest them, and wilt have them where I am.Ē But here is one argument more, For thou lovedst me. Jesus Christ the Son of God, as intrusted with the office of a Saviour, and charged with the chosen, was, and is the object of the Fatherís eternal delight and love; and on this love the salvation of all the elect stands more firm than the pillars of heaven or earth.

So much for the words of this verse. And from this little glance I have given you of them, you may plainly perceive, that here is a rich and deep mine, better than of gold that perisheth. The Lord help us to dig and find treasure, and to be enriched by it.

HEAD I. To begin with the first thing in the text, the manner of Christís praying here, I will: a singular manner: About it I would premise three things:

l. This is a way manner of praying, that we never read the like of it used by any saint in the word. Some of them have been very familiar with God, 2nd the Lord hath encouraged them much by his condescendence to them; yet nothing of this I will is to be heard or read of in their prayers. I will is too high for a supplicant at Godís footstool. Abraham was a great intimate with God, the first believer honoured with the noble name of the friend of God; yet this great friend, when pleading for Sodom, Gen. xviii. with what deep humility is his confidence mixed? Again, when pleading for Ishmael, Gen. xvii. 18. he saith, O that Ishmael might live in thy sight! Nothing like this I will. Abrahamís grandson Jacob came a little nearer to this, Gen. xxxii. 26. Let me go, (saith the angel), for time day breaketh; Jacob answers, I will not let thee go, except thou bless me; ďGive me thy blessing, and go when thou wilt.Ē When he had got the blessing, he got an halting thigh, and a humbled heart whilst he lived, as he hints in Gen. xxxii. 30. I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved. Not a word or thought of this, ď I have seen God face to face, I have wrestled with him hand to hand, and I have prevailed.Ē No; he rather wonders that he got alive cut of Godís hands, Right Jacobs, true Israels, in and on their greatest prevailings with God, and blessings from him, are lowly, humble believers, yea, humbled by Godís advancing of them. Moses, that great wrestler with God for Israel, though he expressed a holy resolvedness, yet nothing appears like this I will. Exod. xxxii. 10. Let me alone, (saith the Lord), that my wrath: may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them. It is strange, that one man should as it were hold the Lordís hands, that one manís faith should stop the execution of a just sentence against a sinful people. Surely you may conclude, that the Lord is easy to be entreated. Again, in Exod. xxxiii. 15. Moses said, if thy presence go not with me (or us), carry us not up hence. It is as good for us to die here, as to go any whither without thy presence. The wilderness, though waste and howling; and Canaan, though the glory of all lands, are alike to Moses without Godís presence. Again, in Numb. xiv. 12. Moses hath a great offer from the Lord I will destroy this people, and make of thee a greater nation, and mightier than they. Moses, in his zeal to Godís glory, refuseth this proffer, and pleads still, and prevails; yet never I will is in all his importunity. No believer ever did, or ought to speak so to God; they should all ask according to his will, and forget and deny their own will. Yet Christ did say, I will, and might well say so.

2. This I will is not in a promise to us, but in a prayer to his Father. When the Lord promiseth to do, or give good to his people, it is very becoming to use this style, I will do, or give, or be so and so to my people. And it is this I will in a promise that faith fixeth on; as Jacob did, Gen. xxxii. 12. Thou saidst, I will surely do thee good. But our Lord is here praying; though I own that there is a great promise implied in it, as we shall hear.

3. There is nothing like this in all the account we have of Christís prayers at other times, and other occasions. We find, that our blessed Saviour was much given to prayer alone. Bless him for it, and love secret prayer the better, that he used it himself, and thereby hallowed it to our use. How our Lord spent those nights in the mountain in prayer, and what he prayed for, and how, we cannot tell, except by that in Heb. v. 7. There are prayers and supplication: offered up, with strong crying and tears. Believers, you, sometimes when your hearts are full, want to be far from all company, that you may pour out your complaint to the Lord. Blessed Jesus did so in the days of his flesh, and filled the silent night with his crying; and watered the cold earth with his tears, more precious than the dew of Hermon, or any moisture (next to his blood) that ever fell on Godís earth since the creation. Never were such sinless and precious tears in Godís bottle, Psal. lvi. 8. Let yours drop, believers, and mix in the same bottle with his; and on this account sow them in hope, and you shall reap in joy, Psal. cxxvi. 5. But for Christís prayers recorded in the gospel, we find our Lord prayed very humbly, though confidently. When he prays in his agony, not a word of I will; but, Abba, let this cup pass from me, if thou wilt; nevertheless, not my will, but thine be done. Christians, behold the amazing difference betwixt Christís way of praying against his own hell, (so I may call it), and his praying for our heaven. When praying for himself, it is, Father, if it be thy will, let this cup pass from me. And no wonder; for every drop in that cup, was wrath, and curse, and death. One drop of it is everlasting poison to all that taste it, but to Jesus the Prince of life. This cup he drank cheerfully; John xviii. 11. The cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it? But when Christ is praying for his peopleís heaven, it is, Father, I will that they may be with me where I am. Again, when our Lord is dying on the cross, he prays, Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do. And again, just at dying, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit, Luke xxii. 34, and 46. All humble supplications; none of them so high and lofty (but yet it well became him) as this I will. I own, that Christ, in one instance on the cross, put forth his Divine power, and acted like a King and God, Luke xxiii. 42, 43. One of the malefactors that was crucified with him, (the happiest death ever man had, next to dying for Christ, was to die with the Saviour, and to die receiving Christís grace, and Christís pass to heaven), whatever Thomas meant in his words, John xi. 16. Let us go, that we may die with him; this happy malefactor had the best of it fulfilled on him: he died with Christ, and got eternal life on the same day. Surely that word was eminently fulfilled in this man, Eccl. vii. 1. Better is the day of death, than the day of oneís birth. This man prays marvellously, Lord, remember me when though comest into thy kingdom. Our Lord answers more marvellously, VeriIy I say unto thee, To-day shalt thou be with me in paradise. As if Christ had said, ďCan thy faith take me up as a King, and the disposer of heaven, notwithstanding this thick and dark vail that is now upon me? I will act as a God and Saviour ďto thee:Ē To-day shalt thou be with me in paradise. These words have no small aspect on this text, I will that they be with me where I am.

Now let us see what may be in this singular word in Christís prayer, I will. No saint ever prayed so; Christ himself in this prayer only here useth this word. There must be some singular things that made our Lord use this word in prayer, I will; and them I would look into.

1. We may lawfully conceive, that herein there is a breaking out of his divine glory as the Son of God equal with the Father, as in Phil. ii. 6,-10.; where the apostle marketh three things about Christ, none of which must be forgotten by Christians. (1.) The divine dignity of his person, ver. 6 (2.) The depth of his low and humbled state, ver. 7, 8. (3.) The height of his exalted state, ver. 9, 10, 11. So doth the apostle to the Hebrews, chap. i. 3. Now, though Christís humbled and exalted state had, and have their several and distinct appearances; yet as his divine dignity was still the same in both states, in his lowest and at his highest, so there were now and then some beamings of his glory, even in his lowest state, John ii. 11.; and in his triumphant entry to Jerusalem, even when he was going to be crucified. So we may think, that this singular word, I will, is used by Christ to display his divine glory; for it is a word that no mere man may use.

2. Our Lord had promised it to his disciples in John xiv. 2, 3.; and therefore prays thus for it. And we must think, that the doctrine delivered by Christ in his last sermon of consolation, and this last prayer of his, though in the first place designed for his apostles, yet are the common portion of all believers on Jesus Christ. Now Christ had promised, John xiv. 2, 3. that where he was, there his people should be also. If a poor believer have at any time a firm hold on a promise of God, how will he cleave to it, plead upon it, and urge it ? as 2 Sam. vii. 27, 28, 29. But who can conceive what confidence of faith Jesus Christ the Son of God had, and did use, in pleading with his Father for the fulfilling of all his own promises to his people? Besides, all Christís promises to his people were made by him in his Fatherís name. No wonder then that our Lord says, I will.

3. Christ here gives us a copy and pattern of his intercession in heaven, that so much is spoke of. Christ here speaks as within the vail, ver. 4, 11, 12. as if he had done all his work, and were no more in the world. He had done so much, had but a little more to do, which also was speedily to be dispatched. Christís intercession in heaven, is a kind and powerful remembrance of his people, and of all their concerns, managed with state and majesty; not as a supplicant at the footstool, but as a crowned prince on the throne, at the right hand of the Father. So is it expressed, Rom. viii. 34. Heb. i. 3. viii. 2. x. 12, 13. and xii. 2. This may be one reason of this great I will.

4. Here our Lord is making his will; and therefore I will is fitly put in. Christ is making his last will and testament, and praying it over to his Father, which is sealed next day with his blood; and here he tells what he wills to his people, even that they may be with him where he is. And nothing greater or better can be willed for them. Blessed for ever-more are they that have this willed and bequeathed to them. And you have a word like this in Luke xxii. 29. I appoint unto you a kingdom: ďI bequeath, dispose it, make it over to ďyou;Ē as the word may be rendered.

5. Our Lord had the price of this glory in his hand, ready now to lay down; and therefore he demands the purchase for Christ was taken this night, and died next day. The price of the redeemed and of their salvation, a price agreed upon in the everlasting covenant, a price of infinite value in itself, a price the Fatherís wisdom and justice demanded, a price the Son promised to lay down in the fulness of time, a price on the payment whereof so great things were promised to Christ and his seed; this price is now in Christís hand ready, presently to be told down. No wonder then, if Christ demand the purchase in this high word, I will. Believers, it passeth all your thoughts, it passeth the highest flights of your faith, to conceive that high assurance and confidence that our Lord Jesus had of the acceptance and success of that sacrifice of himself that he was now upon offering to his Father. Hence cometh this great I will.

6. This I will is but an echo to the known will of his Father. It doth not become us to say in our prayers, I will, because we do not perfectly know Godís will; and when our desires clash with his will, we do but dash against a rock. But Christ knew perfectly., that the thing he prays for, was the will of his Father, John vi. 38, 39, 40. When a believer hath a sure knowledge of Godís will, his faith may plead boldly on it. We read of one bold word of blessed Luther. He hearing of the dangerous sickness of an eminent minister of the gospel, prayed for him, prevailed with the Lord for his life ; and wrote to him, that he was assured, that the Lord would restore him, and preserve him to outlive Luther; which came to pass. In the close of this letter he writes, Fiat voluntas mea; mea, Domine, quia tua. ďLet my will be done; mine, Lord, because thine.Ē

7. Lastly, This I will in Christís prayer for his people, shews how much his heart was set upon the eternal happiness of his people. He prays for it with all his heart. On this sweet theme I would offer a few things.

1st, Let us consider how Christís love and will was on the necessary price of their salvation. How dear soever it was to him, whatever it cost him, his love was on laying it down Luke xii. 50. I have a baptism to be baptized with, and how am I straitened (or pained) till it be accomplished? and it was a baptism in his own blood; and Luke xxii. 15. With desire have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer: and it was his last meal. Love to his Father, and love to his sheep, made our Lord long greatly to pay the price of redemption.

There are several thoughts in menís hearts about Christís dying. 1. Some think of Christís death as brought about by the wicked hands of sinners. This is a poor thought, if there be no more. This thought is natural to any that read the history of his death. Carnal men may hate Judas that betrayed him, Pilate that condemned him, the priests that cried Crucify him, and the people that did it. If this be all, I may say, the devils have a higher thought of Christís death, and that which comes nearer to the truth, than this sorry one. 2. Some go further, and think of Christís death as it was a fulfilling of the purpose and word of God concerning him. This Christ teacheth us in Luke xxiv. 26, 44., 46.; and the apostles frequently in their preaching of Christ. 3. There is a higher thought of Christís death; and that is, That Christ died, by the stroke of Godís law and justice, for his people. Jus-tice roused itself against our Lord: Zech. xiii. 7. Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man that is my fellow, saith the Lord of hosts: smite the shepherd. This sword was drawn and furbished, and did enter into his soul: Isaiah liii. 5. He was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities. Better were it that a man had never heard of Christ and of his death, than to hear; and not to know that his death was for his sins. This is Paulís first doctrine he taught; and he is an ignorant and proud preacher that follows not this pattern: I Cor. xv. 3. For I delivered unto you first of all, that which also I received, that Christ died for our sins, according to the scriptures. 4. The best thought of Christís death is, That he died out of love to his people. Love made him come in the way of justice. Justice and the law saith, as it were, ďThou, or they must die. They have sinned, the law must be fulfilled, justice must be satisfied.Ē Blessed Jesus answers, ďI love them too well to let them die; I will rather die for them, that they may live.Ē Christís death is still laid on his love, John x. Gal. ii. 20. Eph. v. 25, 26. He loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood, Rev. i. 5.; that is, He loved us so that he shed his own blood for our sins; and then in the same love he washed us from our sins, in and by that blood which he shed in love. O such love! such blood! such washing! Here is salvation, and here only. it is a damning dream to expect it any where else.

2dly, Consider, as Christís love was much set on the pay-ing the price of redemption, so was his love and will as much set on the persons of the redeemed. He laid down the price, in love to the purchase. How can it enter into a manís thoughts, that the Son of God should lay down so great a price, and not know what he was to take up for it? that he should die, and not know for whom, nor who should be the better for it? His dying was in love; and did he not know whom he loved! His love is still spoke of as distinguishing and particular; for his body, his people, his sheep, whom he knew, John x.

3dly, The ways and means of bringing his redeemed to glory, were also much in Christís love and will: John xvii. 6, 26. I have declared unto them thy name, and will declare it; that the love wherewith thou hast loved me, may be in them, and I in them; and John x. 16. And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold, (are not of the Jews, but of the elect Gentiles): them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd. Every mean of grace, every blessing of the means, every drop of grace you receive, as Christ is the giver, so his love and will is in the bestowing it on you. All things that accompany salvation, are given with the love and will of Christ.

4thly, lastly, Christís will is upon the end itself, eternal glory. It is first in his design, though it be last in our enjoyment, as in this text. He will have his people with him where he is.

APPLICATION. There is one thing I would exhort you to from this doctrine, That Christís love and will is fixed on the eternal glory of his people; and it is this: ó Let believers learn to own their eternal salvation as springing from the will of Christ, as well as from the blood of Christ. There was a Saving will in. Christ in shedding his saving blood: Heb. x. 10. By the which will we are sanctified, (i.e. justified and saved, in the style of that epistle, specially) through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. What this will is, is declared in the foregoing verses; to be the Fatherís will commanding the true sacrifice, and the Sonís will in offering this commanded sacrifice. By this will we are saved; this will, thus fixed, thus accomplished in Christís death.

There are three great advantages, which we shall reap by this looking on heaven, the prize of our calling, as willed by Jesus Christ.

1. It will stir you up to praise and glorify him. He that took on him the burden of our souls, and the care of our salvation, should surely bear the burden of all our songs for salvation, and for the hope of it. So the apostle sings, Rev. i. 5. Hearty praise to Jesus Christ for salvation can never be given, unless men know that all their salvation is owing to him alone; to his will, and to his blood. If a man ascribe any bit of his salvation to any thing or person. besides Christ, that thing or person will bear away, or rob somewhat of the glory of salvation. But since all salvation is from Christ, all the glory of it should be given to him.

2. This will make your faith in Christ strong. What is strong faith? Christians Usually think, that strong faith hath in it peace, joy, and comfort. But these are but the effects of it; and separable also, as in Psalm xxii. 1. Never was faith near so strong in any Saint, as it was in the man Christ on the cross: and yet no joy or comfort was tasted. by him then. But as to faith in believers, strong faith is when a believer gets far in, into the love and will of Jesus Christ. Now, this doctrine opens up Christís love and will about our salvation; let us then enter into it. Faith makes several approaches to Christ for and about salvation.

1st, It seeketh, and findeth, and seeth atoning, reconciling blood, flowing from Christís love: Rom. iii. 25. God hath set him forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood. Eph. i. 7. In whom we have redemption through his blood.

2dly, Faith seeth life springing and growing out of Christís grave. Alas! many are busy about Mosesí grave, and have no business with Christís grave. A believer seeth eternal life springing from Christís death and grave.

3dIy, Faith goes further; and through this blood of atonement, and this life-giving death, it enters into Christís love and will that was in his redeeming. As there was life to us in his death, so there was love to us in his dying for us, Gal. ii. 20. Rev. i. 5. But can faith go any further? Yes. Only one step more; and that is to the highest fountain of all this; even Godís eternal purpose which he purposed in Jesus Christ our Lord, Eph: iii. 11. So that faith begins at Christís death, riseth with him in his resurrection, seeth the virtue and power of all in Christís love, and then riseth to the love of the Father that sent him, to that purpose of grace from which the Saviour and all salvation doth proceed. Can faith go any further? No. Here faith is at a stand. The believer is saved, and yet sinks and is overwhelmed in this depth; and, like one swallowed up, cries out, O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out! Rom. xi. 33. When faith gets a view of The unsearchable riches of Godís grace in, by, and through Jesus Christ, then the believer longs to be in heaven, to behold the fountainhead of all grace and glory. Faith longs to cease to be faith. This is a strange and strong act of faith, a strange desire in a believer, ď O when shall I cease to be a believer, and become a seer! when shall the glass be done away, and the full-eyed vision of glory succeed! 1 Cor. xiii. 10, 11, 12. When shall both faith and hope cease, and love fill their room?Ē

3. This seeing of Christís heart and will about your salvation, will enable you to pray and labour rightly for glory. What is it to do it rightly? It is to labour with courage, and to labour with humility. And Christians work prospereth, when those are united, they always should be. How boldly may a believer say, I would be in heaven, Since Christ wills it? And how humbly should he say, I would be there; since his own will about it signifies nothing, and Christís will is all?

Obj. How shall I know, that I am in Christís will for salvation? If I did know it, then I would give thanks, I would believe firmly, and would labour hard to obtain the possession of this glory.

Answ. To this I offer three things. 1. Consider how they behaved themselves, that with their own ears heard those very words from Christ s own mouth. It is a vain thought that readily riseth in all our hearts, that if we had been present, and had heard Christ praying thus for us in a special, particular way, that we might be with him where he is, that then we would believe our salvation if we were in the saddest distress. But. now consider what great encouragement to faith Christ gave them. He told them, chap. xiv. 2, 3. I go to prepare a place for you. I will come again, and receive you unto myself, that where I am, there ye may be also. What more could they desire, than to have Christ telling them to their faces, ďYou and I must indeed part ďfor a little while; but you and I shall quickly meet again, never to part more?Ē They did also with their ears hear Christ praying over his promise to them, to his Father, I will that they be with me where I am. Could such believers under all those advantages, so great, so singular, ever stagger again? Yes. Almost as soon as this encouraging sermon and prayer is ended, their faith was almost at an end too: John xvi. 31, 32. Jesus answered them, Do ye now believe? Behold, the hour cometh, yea, is now come, that shall be scattered, every man to his own, and shall leave me alone. I speak this, to check the vanity of that thought in Christians, that if they had but sufficient ground of the assurance of Christís love, and of eternal glory, they would believe in every difficulty and trial. Yet you see how they behaved that had such grounds of faith from Christís own lips, whilst bodily present with them, which you cannot expect or desire. And I hope none of you will imagine, that if ye had been in have behaved better than they did. Grounds of faith, if never so great, yet if not attended with the influence of the Spirit of faith, will never keep faith in life and vigour

Answ. 2. What reason have you to doubt your interest in this prayer of Christ? You may say, I am so vile and unworthy, that I cannot believe that Christ willed me to be with him. If, this be all, it is nothing, yea worse than nothing 1. Hath not Christ willed eternal glory to many as bad as, ever you were? Did he ever will heaven for worthiness in the persons that are to receive it? Is it not always willed to the praise of his own grace and love as the giver, and never as recompence to the worth and loveliness of the receiver? 2. Christ will mend you ere be bring you to heaven. And great work it is to make you meet for it, Col. i. 12.; a work that must be done, and that he only can do, and he can easily do it. 3. Right preparation for glory, flows from the faith of Christís good-will to give it. It is a weak and ignorant, but common thought of Christians, that they ought. not to look for heaven,, nor trust Christ for eternal glory, till they be well advanced in holiness, and meetness for it. But as the, first sanctification of our natures flows from our faith and trust in Christ for acceptance, so our farther Sanctification and meetness for glory flows from the renewed and repeated exercise of faith on him. The hope of glory is purifying, 1 John iii. 8.

Answ. 3. Every believer hath the witness in himself, that he hath an interest in Christís heart and will in this prayer: I John v. 10. He that believeth on the Son of God, hath the witness in himself. The. apostle is speaking of the many witnesses that are given to Jesus Christ as the Saviour. Three in heaven, ver, 7. three on earth, ver. 8. All are divine witnesses, and sufficient grounds of faith in Jesus Christ; ver. 9. Now, saith the apostle, ver. 10. He that believeth on the Son of God, (that trusts his soul, and its salvation, to this so well attested Saviour), he hath the witness (or testimony) in himself. 1. There are witnesses in heaven. 2. Witnesses on earth. 3. A testimony in the heart of a believer in Christ. Whoever believeth on Christ, that faith is an evidence sufficient (if he will require it to speak, and will regard its testimony, and both of them require actings of faith) to persuade him, that he hath an interest in Christís prayer here. On this. I would glance at four things, and conclude.

1. Believers in Christ, what do you do when you believe? O that all believers did but know what they do when they believe! Do ye nor, in every distinct act of faith, betrust your guilty perishing soul to the saving, arm of Jesus Christ, upon the warrant of all that grace, mercy, and power; that belongs to Christ in his office of a Saviour? And is not this his willing of eternal glory, a great and glorious beam of that grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, by which ye believe to be saved? Acts xv. 11.

2. How came you by this your faith? Is it not his gift? He is the author of it, Heb. xii. 2. It is given on Christís behalf Phil. i. 29. Whenever you have an evidence in your heart, (and it is your own fault if you have it not daily), that you have true faith in Jesus Christ; if it be but weak, and cannot mount so high as it ought, raise it by this consideration, Whence came this spark of faith to be kindled in my heart? Did it naturally grow in my heart? No. Time was when I was without it, Eph. ii. 12. and loved to be without it. Did Satan plant it? No. I find him to be the great enemy of it; and I never felt his enmity, till I began to trust Jesus Christ; and it is that in me he mainly assaults. Did ministers, and the means of grace, plant faith in me? No! I enjoyed them when no faith was wrought in me; and when it is wrought, all their power, without Christís grace and Spirit concurring, cannot raise this faith to act and exercise. Therefore, surely, this faith came from Jesus Christ himself. Was it not from the work, and will, and love, of Christ? How easy and native is the inference? If faith in Christ be the work of his love, how warrantably may I look, by that faith, for all the good that this love purposeth, promiseth, and prayeth for to me?

3. Can you call him to witness with a good conscience, that your great desire and will is to be with Christ in heaven? If the Lord should try you with this question, ďName that one thing that you would have above all?Ē every believer hath his answer ready; it is, ď Lord, that I may be ever with thee, where thou art;Ē as David said, Psalm xxvii. 4. of Godís house on earth. This I infer, If thy love be set on being with Christ where he is, be assured that Christís love is set on the same blessing for thee; yea, thy desire after it, flows from his desire of it for thee.

4. Are you willing, yea pleased and delighted, to hold your title to eternal glory, by the will and testament of Jesus Christ? Are you willing to have and hold the crown by this tenure only, that it was bought by his blood, and willed to you by his testament? Every believer would be in heaven, because Christ is there; and is pleased to get and keep his place there, as willed to him by Jesus Christ. Heaven is a lovely name, and a more lovely thing; but not at all known by many, and but little by the best; but yet believers look for it, and expect it, as the gift of God through Jesus Christ our Lord, Rom. vi. 23. They plead for it as such; at last they receive it as grace, and eternally wear the crown as a crown of grace, as well as a crown of glory. The glorified saint, as soon as he receives this crown, casts it at Christís feet, Rev. iv. 10. or sets it on Christís head as if ashamed to wear a crown, where Christ the only Worthy is. Upon Christís head are many crowns, Rev. xix 12. His Father puts a crown on him, Heb. ii. 9. crowned him with glory and honour: his mother, the church, crowns him, Cant. iii. 11. with a crown of salvation.; and every saved person puts on Christís head the crown of the glory of their particular salvation. To conclude: They that are not willing to give the glory of all salvation to Jesus Christ, shall never receive any salvation from him. But for you that are willing to receive all from him, and are delighted to render the glory of all to him, his heart is towards you; his best wishes are for your good; and he will give you what he hath prepared for you, which is exceedingly above all that can be told you.


Author

 Robert Traill (1642-1716): Friend of William Guthrie of Fenwick, attendant of James Guthrie of Stirling on the scaffold, son of the Greyfriars Church manse where the 1638 Covenant was signed, Scot ordained in England, exile in Holland, prisoner on the Bass Rock, scholar, preacher and saint ó Robert Traill lived to span the ripest period of the Puritan age. Distinguished in the classes at Edinburgh University, Traill early felt the inner constraint to preach Christ. Too intimate an association with the younger John Welsh drew the swift displeasure of the civil arm upon him. Denounced as a ĎPentland Rebelí he fled to join the bright galaxy of British divines weathering the storm of Stuart Absolutism in the Low Countries (1667).

Traillís literary output began there. As assistant to Nethenus, professor at Utrecht, he prepared Samuel Rutherford's Examination of Arminianism for the press. Back in London in 1692 he took up his pen, as Isaac Chancy (Owenís successor) and the younger Thomas Goodwin were having to do, to defend the doctrine of Justification against the new Legalism. After serving Presbyterian charges in Kent and London he died at the age of 74.

The Works of Robert Traill are available through the Banner of Truth



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