It is proper that we should here append to each separate part or division of the above table, certain clear and satisfactory proofs, so as to leave no doubt upon the mind of any one respecting the truth of what is affirmed.

1. The general providence of God is established by the following testimonies taken from the word of God. “ He doeth all things according to the counsel of his own will.” “ He giveth to all life, and breath, and all things.” “ Hath he said and shall he not do it ; or hath he spoken and shall he not make it good.” “ Thou hast made heaven, and earth, and all things that are therein, the seas and all that are therein, and thou preserveth them all.” “I form the light and create darkness ; I make peace and create evil. I the Lord do all these things.” (Eph. 1:11. Acts 17:25. Num. 23:19. Neh. 9:6. Is. 45:7.)

2. The history of Joseph furnishes a remarkable proof of a special providence in regard to rational creatures. “ It was not you that sent me hither, but God.” “ Ye thought evil against me, but God meant it unto good.” (Gen. 45:8; 50:20.) The history of Pharaoh as recorded in the book of Exodus, establishes the same thing. “ Who hath made man s mouth ? or who maketh the dumb, or deaf, or the seeing, or the blind ? have not I the Lord ?” “ And the Lord said unto Joshua, Be not afraid because of them, for to-morrow about this time will I deliver them all up slain before Israel.” “ The Lord hath said unto Shemei, Curse David.” “And the Lord said, Who shall persuade Ahab, &c. And he said, Thou shalt persuade him, and prevail also.” “ The king s heart is in the hand of the Lord, as the rivers of water ; he turneth it whithersoever he will.” “ The Lord turned the heart of the king of Assyria unto them.” (Ex. 4:11. Josh. 11:6. 2 Sam. 16:10. 1 Kings 22:20. Prov. 21:1. Ezra 6:22.) The Lord also calls the king of the Assyrians, “ the rod of his anger,” and adds, “ When the Lord hath performed his whole work upon Mount Zion, and on Jerusalem, I will punish the fruit of the stout heart of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his high looks.” “ Who is he that saith, and it cometh to pass, when the Lord commandeth it not.” “He doeth according to his will in the army of heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth ; and none can stay his hand, or say unto him, What doest thou ?” “ Herod and Pilate with the Gentiles and the people of Israel were gathered together for to do whatsoever thy hand and thy counsel determined to be done.” (Is. 10:6, 12. Lam. 3:37. Dan. 4:35. Acts 4:27, 28.)

3. As it respects the providence of God over irrational creatures, be they living or destitute of life, the following proofs may be adduced: “ He keepeth all the bones of the righteous ; not one of them is broken. “ And God remembered Noah and every living thing, and all the cattle that was with him in the ark, and God made a wind to pass over the earth and the waters assuaged.” “ He giveth to the beast his food, and to the young ravens which cry.” “ Your heavenly Father feedeth the fowls of the air,” &c. (Ps. 44:20. Gen. 8:1. Ps. 147:9. Matt. 6:20. See also the 37th chapter of the book of Job, and the 104th Psalm.)

4. Of things fortuitous and casual it is said, “ And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hands, then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee.” “ Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father. But the very hairs of your head are all numbered.” “ The Lord gave and the Lord hath taken away, blessed be the name of the Lord.” “ The lot is cast into the lap, but the whole disposing thereof is of the Lord.” (Ex. 21:13. Math. 10:29, 30. Job 1:21. Prov. 1(5 : 33. )

5. Of necessary events, the necessity of which depends, either upon the counsel of God, revealed through his word, we may adduce the following testimony : “ These things were done that the Scriptures should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken.” Thus it is written, and thus it behooved Christ to suffer, and to rise again from the dead on the third day.”

It must needs be that offences will come.” “ If it were possible they would deceive the very elect.” My sheep shall never perish, neither shall any pluck them out of my hands.” (John 19:30. Luke 24:36. Matt. 24:24. John 10:28.) Or if the necessity of these events depend on the order divinely established in nature, or on natural causes, operating by a natural necessity, we may in this case, adduce the following testimonies : He causeth the bud to spring forth. He bringeth the dew, the frost and the ice. He bringeth forth Mazzaroth in his season ; guides Arcturus and the motions of heaven,” &c. “ God thundereth marvellously with his voice ; he saith to the snow, Be thou on the earth ; likewise to the small rain, and to the great rain of his strength. Out of the south cometh the whirlwind, and cold out of the north.” “ He watereth the hills from his chambers ; the earth is satisfied with the fruit of thy works. He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man,” &c. (Job 28:27, 32 ; 37:5-10 ; Ps. 104:13, 14, 15.)

The Scriptures furnish almost an infinite number of testimonies of a similar character, which prove that the providence of God embraces all thing? and every single event. These, however, are sufficient for our present purpose ; for it is clearly evident from what has now been said, that all things, the evil as well as the good, the small as well as the great, are directed and governed by the providence of God ; yet in such a way that those things which are good are done not only according to, but also by divine providence, as the cause, that is by God willing, commanding and effecting them , whilst those that are evil, as far as they are evil, are not done by, but according to divine providence, that is, not by God willing, commanding, effecting or furthering them ; but by permitting them, and directing them to their appointed ends.