The writer makes many excellent points. I find the following observation very interesting: "Federal Vision began as a pastoral response to the problem of a lack of assurance among covenant children."

Of course there is no assurance when the sovereignty of God in election is denied as the only arbiter of the Covenant, and of union with Christ. A person is in the Covenant, and stays in it, not because he keeps the law.

Assurance is founded on the divine truth of the promises of salvation (Westminster Conf, 18:2), which are established by God Himself (2 Cor. 1:21).

Tamper with this, and assurance falls apart. Either we trust in Christ alone, or hope that our works will somehow pull us through. There is no middle ground.

Children are certainly capable of looking to Christ, and Him only, for salvation. However, it does take a little maturity to discern the Lord's body—and that is why pedocommunion (favored by many of the Federal Vision persuasion) is a very bad idea.

Why do Presbyterian and Reformed ministers look to Rome for truth?


In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him.