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Recent Posts
Theotokos
by Tom. Sat Jan 20, 2018 2:08 AM
Overview of Scripture
by Tom. Sat Jan 20, 2018 1:56 AM
Jesus vs Paul and the Church
by Pilgrim. Thu Jan 18, 2018 6:09 AM
John the Baptist
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by Anthony C.. Tue Jan 09, 2018 7:48 PM
Yesterday at 06:04 PM Overview of Scripture by Tom
Pilgrim
I am disciplining someone and it occurred to me he might benefit from a fairly easy to read summary of the whole Bible, from creation, the fall, right up to the birth, death and resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ.
What I have in mind is to systematically go through the main points.
Do you have such an article on the Highway; or know of one?
Any other applicable information would be appreciated.
Thanks
Tom

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Yesterday at 06:05 AM Theotokos by Tom
Theotokos: “God bearer” or sometimes “Mother of God”
Recently I came upon quite a heated debate among Calvinists on the term theotokos. Some on both sides declared each other to be heretics.
My understand is that when the term was originally used, all it really was saying is that seeing Jesus has two natures human and God; it is wrong to say that Mary just gave birth to the human nature. Yet some are saying that if Mary is theotokos, it makes her on equal footing as God.
I decided to find out from other Calvinists of note what they believed about the topic. I was rather surprised to learn that even among Calvinists I am quite familiar with; there is disagreement on the subject.
For example A.A. Hodge appears not believe in theotokos.
A.A. Hodge explains in his Outlines of Theology:
Quote
The Nestorian heresy charged upon Nestorius, a Syrian by birth, and bishop of Constantinople, during the fifth century, by his enemy, Cyril, the arrogant bishop of Alexandria. Cyril obtained a judgment against Nestorius in the Council of Ephesus, A.D. 431, to the effect that he separated the two natures of Christ so far as to teach the coexistence in him of two distinct persons, a God and a man, intimately united. But it is now, however, judged most probable by Protestant historians that Nestorius was personally a brave defender of the true faith, and that the misrepresentations of his enemies were founded only upon his uncompromising opposition to the dangerous habit then prominently introduced of calling the Virgin Mary the mother of God because she was the mother of the human nature of Christ


James White does not believe in theotokos; in fact he has stated that there is evidence that Nestorius who was declared to be a heretic, was probably justified in his concerns about theotokos.
http://www.aomin.org/aoblog/2009/01/25/response-to-jay-dyer-on-calvinism-part-2-of-13/

RC Sproul however did believe in theotokos. https://www.ligonier.org/learn/devotionals/messiahs-mother/

John Owen believed in the term theotokos.
https://calvinistinternational.com/2017/06/16/john-owen-mary-mother-god/

Augustine did not believe in theotokos.
Quote
Augustine (354-430): And this passage Jesus Himself brought forward to the Jews, and refuted them from it. How then was He both David’s son and David’s Lord? David’s son according to the flesh, David’s Lord according to His divinity; so also Mary’s son after the flesh, and Mary’s Lord after His majesty. Now as she was not the mother of His divine nature, whilst it was by His divinity the miracle she asked for would be wrought, therefore He answered her, “Woman, what have I to do with thee ?” NPNF1: Vol. VII, Tractates on John, Tractate VIII, §9, John 2:1-4.

Augustine (354-430): At that time, therefore, when about to engage in divine acts, He repelled, as one unknown, her who was the mother, not of His divinity, but of His [human] infirmity. NPNF1: Vol. VII, Tractates on John, Tractate CXIX, §1, John 19:24-30.


It appears that the main problems seems to be what the term theotokos has come to mean in Roman Catholic circles. Many say that Mary was only the mother of human nature of God; like A.A. Hodge and Augustine said. Others while agreeing that you cannot separate the human and divine side of Jesus; never the less they reject the term theotokos because of its connotations.

Any thoughts?
Tom

69 Views · 4 Comments
Wed Jan 17, 2018 4:48 PM The duty of the theologian by chestnutmare
The duty of the theologian is not to tickle the ear, but to confirm the conscience, by teaching what is true, certain, and useful."
- John Calvin

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Wed Jan 17, 2018 4:46 PM We are not our own by chestnutmare
We are not our own; therefore let us forget ourselves as much as possible, and all that is about us. We belong to the Lord; let us live and die to Him; let His will and wisdom preside in all our actions; let all the parts of our life be referred to Him as their unique goal.
~ John Calvin

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Wed Jan 17, 2018 4:45 PM Pride feeds off nearly anything by chestnutmare
Pride feeds off nearly anything: a fair measure of ability and wisdom, a single compliment, season of remarkable prosperity, a call to serve God in a position of prestige, even the honor of suffering for the truth!

Puritan Richard Mayo said of pride: 'It is hard to starve this sin, when it can live upon almost anything. If you would starve worldly pride and live in Godly humility, look to your Savior, whose life, Calvin said, was a series of sufferings. Nowhere is humility so cultivated as at Gethsemane and Calvary." Be reminded of all that He has suffered for you.

A Puritan Theology, Beeke and Jones, 968-969.

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